# GMAT Verbal Practice Questions - Polish your GMAT verbal ability

The GMAT Focus Verbal section tests your ability to read and comprehend short passages, reason and evaluate arguments, and apply correct grammar in English. The verbal section is a multiple choice test and comprises 23 questions to be answered in 45 minutes.

The verbal section comprises two types of multiple choice questions:

1. Reading Comprehension – This section tests your ability to read, understand and interpret information given in a passage.

2. Critical Reasoning – This section tests your ability to logically evaluate and analyze the arguments of a given passage.

Your composite GMAT score is determined from a combination of your scores on the Math and Verbal section of the test. The composite GMAT score ranges from 205 to 805. However, the verbal and the quantitative sections are graded separately and are awarded raw scores on a scale of 60-90. The awarding of the raw score takes into account the difficulty level of the question presented to you alongside accuracy and speed. ; how you answered and the number of questions you have answered. Apart from  In addition to the composite score (205-805) and raw score (60-90), candidates are also awarded percentiles. A 95 percentile in Verbal means 95% of the candidates in the last four years have scored less than what you have scored in the Verbal section.

## Acing the Verbal Section

1. Interpret the Question: It is important to understand precisely what the question is asking. Questions are often structured to mislead; read the questions carefully and paraphrase the question in your own words. It is only when you understand the question correctly that you can find the right answer.

2. Use the process of elimination: It is sometimes easier to hunt for four wrong answers than one right answer. Keep eliminating till you reach your one right answer.

3. Make an educated guess: Some questions are bound to be really hard. Don’t panic, eliminate whatever you can, make a guess and move ahead. Don’t waste time on questions that slow you down.

## Cracking Critical Reasoning Questions

1. Read the question carefully and understand its focus. Then, plan your reading of the passage while keeping the questions in mind.

2. Read the given passage carefully. Try to understand the conclusion of the passage (i.e. what the author is trying to say). Figure out the arguments that lead to this conclusion..

3. Remember: As you read the passage keep in mind the question. Be clear on the answer you are seeking.

4. Having understood the passage clearly, come up with your own answer.

1. It is often not necessary to understand the passage in its entirety. In your first reading, only skim the passage to make out its topic, arguments, and conclusion.

2. Read the question carefully and understand its focus.  Customize your approach to reading the passage  based on the questions.

5. Remember, the answer to an RC question is always right there in front of you in some form or other. The task is to identify it, select your answer choice, and move forward as soon as possible.

## Sample GMAT Focus Verbal Questions:

### Critical Reasoning

Fonika and Kuji are world leaders in the production and distribution of color, and black and white photography films respectively, though, between the two, Fonika has a bigger market capital. To beat Fonika in terms of business volume, Kuji has planned to increase production volume by setting up a state of the art manufacturing facility which will be operational within a year. Still, analysts are of the view that Kuji’s plan is not well founded.

Which of the following, if true, will strengthen the analysts’ contention?

1. Fonika uses superior technology to manufacture its films.

2. Fonika spends more money than Kuji does on marketing and advertisement.

3. Black and White photography is pursued almost exclusively by photography enthusiasts while color photography is what is generally opted by the general public.

4. Fonika’s customers place more orders than Kuji’s.

5. Kuji will be pumping in huge sums of money in setting up its new facility.

Bronze is an alloy of tin and copper. It is relatively stronger than many other metals. Quite interestingly, about half of all Greek sculpture produced during antiquity was made of bronze, which is quite in contrast to the much popular image of Greek sculpture as white marble statues. The strength and durability of bronze combined with a simple method of forging made it a better weapon than lead, stone, tin, copper or wood. Bronze, therefore, was first used as a weapon by the Greeks and many other cultures of the time. The characteristics of bronze made it popular among the leaders of various states. Bronze was thus used as a significant metal to raise armies by cities and states. In addition to its being used to make weapons, bronze was also used to make many other articles, like statues, etc. There are, however, very few ancient bronze statues that survived until today. This can be attributed to what can be referred as the “wartime meltdown process”. The bronze articles, including the statues, were melted to make war weapons like shields, swords, spears, and armor whenever there was a war. Bronze working evolved and proved to be more versatile than marble for sculptures, so it contributed immensely to the transition of Greek sculpture into the Classical Period.

The quality and strength of bronze allowed it to be static and hold the most complex shape, which gave the sculptors the freedom to innovate and experiment with less rigid poses. The sculptors during the Archaic Age could never innovate or experiment with poses and were, therefore, confined to the Eastern-influenced stringency of poses like the kore and kouros. This was primarily due to the characteristic of the materials, like marble or terra cotta clay, which would crack if, say, the hand was extended or would even collapse if the body was twisted to show an action. Bronze also had the capability to hold leaden weights inside the hollow feet or legs, thus allowing all kinds of structural poses, which were not possible with marble or clay. This was also because bronze was very light but, at the same time, very strong.

Nevertheless, sculpting life-sized bronze statues was definitely a Herculean task. The complexity involved required techniques that took years and years of innovation and experimentation to master. Also, the amount of bronze required to create such life-sized bronze statues was immense, and the metal would get distorted by its weight if used as a huge, solid mass. This lead to the development of hollow sculptures because casting hollow sculptures was the only solution to this problem of the metal distorting under its own weight. It is believed that the Mesopotamians first developed this casting technique. However, the development of the technique is also attributed to the Greeks around 550 BC. However, there is a possibility that the Greeks might have acquired the metalworking techniques from the Egyptians of the time.

1.The primary purpose of the passage is to

1. Challenge a widely accepted theory

2. Describe the discovery of a metal.

3. Describe the use of a metal

4. Compare one metal with another

5. Present evidence to support the author’s viewpoint on a particular metal.

2.The author includes all of the following in the passage EXCEPT

1. Bronze contributed to fifty percent of Greek sculpture.

2. Bronze made better weapon than many other metals.

3. The bronze statues were used to make war weapons during wartime.

4. The techniques of hollow sculptures solved the problem of metal distortion.

5. The Mesopotamians were the first to use bronze.

3. The “wartime meltdown process” refers to

1. The melting of the war weapons at the end of the war

2. The melting of metal articles to make war weapons

3. The melting of the bronze sculptures to make war weapons

4. The process of identifying redundant bronze statues and melting them to make war weapons

5. The melting of war weapons like shield, spears and arrows to make statues.

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